Civilization that has
rooted back to the Neolithic Period
excavations performed in Çeşme known as CYSSUS in the first era,
show that settled life dates back to the Neolithic Period (8000
5000 B.C.). On the peninsula that has witnessed Neolithic Age,
Bronze Age and Iron Age, Ion civilization had sovereignty in the
archaic age. Ruins of Erythrai (ERİTRE) ancient city which is
considered as one of 13 Ion cities can be visited here.
Until Erythrai was
captured by the Roman Empire, it had witnessed many periods from
Persian invasions to Greek wars, from political debates to
destructive earthquakes. When the Roman Empire dominated the region,
Çeşme peninsula had the most incredible developments ever in its
history. This civilization invented the alphabet for modern science
and reflected its own development, knowledge and culture onto this
land. It shaped trade flow being located at the junction of the
Eastern and Western civilizations.
Çeşme region was a part of the Byzantine Empire in the Middle Age
and fell under the sovereignty of Turks during the period of Seljuqs.
CAKA BEY who was the father in law of the First Kılıçaslan annexed
the Clazomenae peninsula to his own land in 1081 AD.
The city was connected to
the Ottoman Empire by Yıldırım Beyazit during the sovereignty of the
Ottoman Empire. After the 1402 Ankara War, it was a part of
Aydınogullari for a short period and it came back to the possession
of Ottoman Empire again in 1422.
After the First World War,
Çeşme was occupied by Greeks, but it was liberated from the invasion
on September 16 1922 by Fahrettin Altay Paşa troops at the War of
Therefore, Çeşme had
embraced many culture and civilizations from Persian to Greek, from
Jewish to Albanian, from Kazakh to Circassian, from Bosniac to
Italian and Phoenician as well as big civilizations such as Ion,
Byzantine, Ottoman Empire and Seljuqs.
According to the
western world, it is the point where eastern civilization starts,
according to the eastern world it is the gate that opens to the
Çeşme, connected to İzmir
by a highway of 80 km, is the furthermost Western land of Turkey.
Çeşme Peninsula has an area of 260 km2 and has a distance of 8 nautical
miles to Chios island.
You may come to Çeşme by
sea (regular ferry services are provided over Chios, Bari, Venice,
Brindizi and Ancona), by air (İzmir Adnan Menderes Airport 80 km away)
or by car (80 km highway to İzmir).
The distance of
Çeşme to the tourism centers in the region
You can reach from Italy to Çeşme by
the maritime line
You can reach Çeşme from Adnan Menderes Airport
You can reach by an 80 km
motorway which connects Çeşme to İzmir via Karaburun-Alaçatı route
after landing at İzmir Adnan Menderes Airpot
Çeşme has a lot of clean and
beautiful beaches, along its coast of 29 km length. Most of these beaches are
very convenient for windsurfing and kitesurfing. You may sale to the nearby
islands or dive into the beauties of the Aegean sea.
Çiftlikköy and Pırlanta Beach : (Hotel Babaylon)
This region is around 8 km distance to Çeşme and is famous for its historical
windmills and natural sandy beaches like Altınkum and Pırlanta.
You may reach to Pırlanta Beach by
driving through Çiftlikköy or by following the ring road that passes around it.
It is a very beautiful sandy beach 500 meters long with a blue flag. It also has
a dedicated kitesurf area.
Altınkum is another famous beach
at the end of the same route. It means golden beach in Turkish named the after
its fine sandy coast.. Its water is cold and sea is calm even in the most windy
Ilıca is famous for its hot springs, holiday opportunities, its white beach of 2
km length which is rare all over the world, and for its clean sea. As hot
springs pour from the bottom of the sea, the sea is always warm.
Boyalık Bay which has white sands like Ilıca beach provides the best
opportunities for water sports like surfing and sailing, International Çakabey
Optimist competitions are organized every year at this beach.
Dalyan and Sakızlı Bay :
Dalyan which is of 4 km distance to Çeşme is a pretty fishing village with its
best fish restaurants, clean beaches, typical houses in Aegean architecture and
friendly people. Sakızlı Bay is a beautiful beach of Dalyan with its clean sea
and wonderful view.
Şifne and Paşalimanı:
Paşalimanı and Şifne are at 5 km distance to Ilıca with many camping sites.
Şifne provides services by its healing hot springs.
Ancient Erthrai city is located at Ildırı, 22 km distance to Çeşme and 15 km to
Çatazmak natural beach located at Ovacık awaits all vacationers with its unique
underwater caves and colorful stones.
Donkey Island :
Ayayorgi Bay :
Donkey Island can be reached after a one hour sailing journey from Çeşme. It
used to be called as Goni island. Its clean sea and untouched and uninhabited
nature is attractive to the visitors. The hospitable donkeys are used to people
due to the fact that tourists and yacht owners have been feeding them since a
long time. As the Island is a national park, it may only be visited by daily
Karaada is next to Donkey Island having the famous Blue Bay which has the
clearest sea of Çeşme.
It is located between Çeşme and Dalyan and famous for its calm sea, famous beach
clubs and restaurants providing Restaurants high quality service during day and